Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its own right. Good parenting and high quality early learning together provide the foundation children need to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.


The EYFS sets the standards that all early years providers must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe, so that every child makes good progress and no child gets left behind. Our learning and development opportunities are planned around the needs and interests of each individual child and are assessed and reviewed regularly.

We work in partnership with practitioners and parents and/or carers providing equality of opportunity and anti-discriminatory practice, ensuring that every child is included and supported.

The Prime areas of learning are Communication and Language, Physical and Personal Social and Emotional. The 4 Specific areas are Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the world and Expressive Arts and Design.

Prime Areas of Learning

Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.


Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.


Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.


Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.


Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measure.


Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.


Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.

Planning and observation Cycle

> Initial Keyworker Meeting, completion of the All about me document.

> After 3 full weeks Keyworker Meeting to Baseline development.

> Observations are continuously made throughout all terms and assessed. We follow the cycle of Assess, Plan, Do and Review.

> At the end of each term children's development is assessed and tracked  (individual Trackers and pathways) and Next steps are revised and/or written.

Where appropriate 2 year old reports and transition reports are written. 


Observations, assessments and next steps/report shared at parents meetings in December.

Observations and assessments and next steps.


Observations, assessments and next steps/reports shared at parents meetings in July.

Characteristic of effective Learning

In planning and guiding children’s activities, it is very important that we understand the importance of the different ways that children learn and reflect these in their practice. We include this information in children's next steps.

The three characteristics of effective teaching and learning are:

Playing and exploring - children investigate and experience things, and ‘have a go’.

Active learning - children concentrate and keep on trying if they encounter difficulties, and enjoy achievements.

Creating and thinking critically - children have and develop their own ideas, make links between ideas, and develop strategies for doing things.